Tuesday, March 19, 2013

Ruthin Castle

Today as your walk around Ruthin Castle you are`at time quite literally following in the centuries old footsteps of Kings and Nobles. You may stand where leading figures of their day have died in battle, or been tortured or enjoyed sumptuous banquets or illicit love affairs. 
There is a hotel at the castle which is spectacular. The hotel contributes towards the upkeep and improvement but it is unable to do everything as lots of conservation especially the 13th century stone walls. The walls are graded as Listed Ancient Monuments.

The history of the castle reports that a wooden fort stood on the site before 1277 then Edward 1 ordered the building of this castle in local stone even before his great castles such as Conwy. In  1282 Ruthin Castle was held by Reginald de Grey and during the following centuries helped control and defend the Chester region forming part of the Crown Estate until sold by Charles 1 in 1632. 
Shortly afterwards the parliamentry forces of the Civil War seized control resulting in large parts being demolished. 
From 1826 the modern castle was constructed and extended around amongst and over the ancient ruins and has frequently hosted members of the royal family including Edward V11 and HRH Prince Charles.

The castle is reputed to be haunted by a 'Grey Lady' who is seen roaming the exterior of the castle, the battlements, the old Chapel and the Medieval Banqueting Hall. The lady is said to be a murderess and the wife of the castle's second in command, when it was occupied by Reginald de Grey, appointed by Edward I. According to the legend her husband had an affair, and she murdered her love rival with an axe. She was executed for her crime and buried in the area around the battlements, as no local clergymen would allow her to be buried on consecrated ground. Her grave can still be seen today.

The construction of the castle started around 1277, under the orders of Edward the I, who was notable for waging wars in both Wales and Scotland. The castle would have been a strategic advantage to quell uprising in Wales, and originally consisted of five round towers, of which only three remain, along with its ruined gatehouse.
During the war of 1282 between England and Wales, Reginald de Grey was one of King Edward I's military commanders. As Edward I advanced along the coast, de Grey moved his troops along a separate prong of attack and followed the Dee Valley westward. Reginald de Grey and Gilbert de Brideshale occupied Ruthin with a force of infantry numbering between 200 and 400. When the war ended with death of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, Prince of Gwynedd, Reginald de Grey, Baron of Wilton was given Ruthin.
It was Reginald, now first Baron of Ruthin, who was responsible for re-fortifying the castle, building the Chapel of St Peter and erecting a wall around Ruthin, which was surrounded by Welsh tribes.

The Grey Lady's grave. The de Greys held Ruthin between 1282 and 1508. In the reign of Henry IV, Reginald de Grey, Third Baron of Ruthin started the 1400 Welsh uprising. When Henry IV called upon his nobles to provide troops for an invasion of Scotland, de Grey purposefully failed to deliver the writ asking his neighbour Owain Glyndwr for support. Although Owain was a loyal supporter of the crown, his failure to immediately supply the needed troops, and indeed to acknowledge receipt of the request caused a rift between himself and the King. The misunderstandings continued and finally the tension broke in the form of revolution. Ruthin and other neighbouring villages were burned to the ground by Owain's supporters during the uprising. Owain outlived Henry IV but his uprising - once a real threat to the crown - fizzled out as he lost support and he ended a fugitive in his own country.

During the Civil War period the castle was attacked by Cromwell's troops but managed to hold out against the battery. In 1646 the castle was once again attacked and besieged, the royalist forces surrendering to Major General Mytton in the same year. The castle was then destroyed, possibly on the orders of parliament.

Ruthin Castle entrance. The old castle's atmospheric remains are still accessible to guests of the castle. The ruins include the battlements, the whipping pit, drowning pit and the dungeons.
Ruthin also has an Arthurian legend based upon his relationship with Huail, a local chief. Huail fought Arthur over one of the King's mistresses, and managed to wound him in the knee. Arthur was willing to maintain a truce of peace with Huail as long as he never referred to Arthur's wounded knee. However, whilst Arthur was disguised as a woman whilst visiting another mistress at Ruthin Castle, Huail recognised him and made a comment about how he would be a better dancer if his knee was not so clumsy. Outraged, Arthur had Huail beheaded, and the limestone block on which the execution was held can be found in the town centre.

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